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wild plants of alberta

December 22, 2020

Alberta’s five national parks and more than 250 provincial parks protect nearly 600 species of wildlife. Keep your high-octane annuals and tropical ornamentals in containers, close to your outdoor sitting space, where you’re close to them and can dote leisurely, gin and tonic in hand. Buttercup. Identification is essential when attempting to forage for edible wild plants. We collect our wildflower seed in Alberta and grow our plants out of doors to produce year-old plugs that are in tune with the growing season and able to be planted out from Brown-Eyed SusanApril to October. I also discovered they aren’t a good candidate for pickling because the vinegar increases the carcinogenic properties of the plant. As food, rose hips are nourishing with their high vitamin C content and antioxidants, along with other nutrients such as zinc. Wildlife safety tips. the aquatic plants contained herein were chosen because of their common occurrence in Alberta. There are dozens of Gaillardia cultivars, but they all share the same love of hot, very well-drained soil (sandy is fine) and produce stunning mid-summer blooms. Wildflowers of the Canadian Rocky Mountains is an image list of flowering plants found in the Rocky Mountains in Canada . The Draft Alberta Illustrated Keys, written by Linda Kershaw and Lorna Allen cover all native and naturalized vascular plants in Alberta. In fact, Alberta’s Boreal Forest is 465,000 kilometres in size. The ploidy of this rose species is variable. The "Sizes" listed are intended to be a general guideline to consult during plant selection. The milder climate here has a bit more to offer in regard to early spring wild edible plants than the colder regions of Canada, where the earth stays frozen much longer into the year. When wildflowers and grasses are used in conjunction to create naturalized spaces they have a complementary root systems that work to slow down and choke out unwanted plant material creating chemical-free, sustainable weed control. violet. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. Wildflowers found in Alberta, Canada. wild mint. But you may not know what types of Alberta trees are native to this part of Canada. To me, species are native and, as long as breeding for other colours doesn’t alter its preferred conditions, a red or pink Yarrow has as much of a home in a native garden as a white. 2018). Dogwood (Cornus sericea) will tolerate moist soil and is best used one its own or in a striking line in a sunny or lightly shaded spot. They were used to treat scurvy, numerous infections and to promote digestion. Copyright © 2020 Wild About Flowers – All Rights Reserved. ALCLA Native Plants is under new management. Eating the wrong thing can spell disaster. I also recommend opting for cultivated varieties of native species because I don’t want people trekking through the bush to yank out natives for their garden. NATIVE AND WILD PLANTS. 7. These native plants are beautiful, diverse and add much of the colorful under-story to the fall landscape. We collect our wildflower seed in Alberta and grow our plants out of doors to produce year-old plugs that are in tune with the growing season and able to be planted out from Brown-Eyed SusanApril to October. Gardening is as much work as you want to put into it. Here's how to use wild herbs and plants just like Alberta's settlers did Back to video. Naturalization of low usage areas will almost eliminate the need to mow, significantly reducing labour and emissions. When people ask me about growing natives, I recommend starting small. He's written four books and almost 500 articles, all devoted to empowering and inspiring Alberta gardeners. Plants like trees give air to the earth, and while other plants like Canola make food and oil. Summer and spring are the regular seasons plants are grown. Like Gaillardia, yarrow is maintenance free, needs no supplemental water, and thrives in hot, very well drained soil. Most of the plants in Alberta’s Grasslands were natural plants until the land was used for farms. Our website is currently under construction. It’s ideal for exposed hot spots and brings a distinctive, even nostalgic, prairie feel. in English: woodland strawberry is Fragaria vesca, blue-leaf strawberry is another name for F. virginiana Alberta has staggeringly beautiful wildflowers. Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native plants in landscaping and gardening. The acceptable definition of “native” is relative to who you’re asking, so here’s my version. If you’re accustomed to the overflowing flower-power of petunias and the lush, tropical leaves of Elephant Ears, native flowers will take some getting used to. Plant growth and bloom times will vary depending on geographical location & individual site conditions. Beneficial critters have also co-evolved with native plants. The bushes start small but will suck up all the sun you can give them to spread, mostly underground, across a wide area. Smooth Blue Aster, Symphyotrichum laeve. The wild yarrow (Achillea millefolium) that’s ubiquitous across our province is almost always white. Fleabane, Ergeron annuus. While these may be difficult to find for home cultivation, the following Alberta wild berries also produce edible fruit: Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis), crowberry (Empetrum nigrum),dewberry (Rubus pubescens), and lingon berry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea). Experts say that the single greatest threat to biodiversity in Canada and around the world is the loss of wildlife habitat; naturalization also creates much needed habitat for wildlife and a beautiful view for us. Canadian goldenrod. That’s an area larger than Sweden. Plants are also make medicine. These are draft keys; corrected and updated versions have been compiled into a publication, now available through Amazon.ca. Prairie wildflowers may never be sexier than “Wave” petunias or Elephant Ears, but if you weigh how little they ask against how much they give, there’s no contest. Simply, if you eat the wrong plant you could become seriously ill, or even die. When out in nature, beware of crossing paths with these wild plants. When looking for wild plants to bring home to the kitchen, always follow this important rule of thumb: never pick (let alone eat) anything if you’re not 100 per cent sure what it is. Brome. A member of the sunflower family, it’s round flowers pulse with the warmth of oranges and yellows. Native perennials and grasses offer eco-friendly alternatives to traditionally labour intensive, chemically laden, water dependent gardening and landscaping practices. The root is okay to eat but the leaves are flower are not. USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Identifying edible wild plants doesn’t just require a strong knowledge of the plants … Wildflowers found in Alberta, Canada. We were so proud to be named one of North America's Top 100 Garden Centres in 2016 by "Garden Center" magazine. Spring has arrived early in the Okanagan and so has the time for foraging wild plants you can eat. Page 1 Poisonous plants often look similar to edible plants. One thing we Albertans have in spades of are trees. As sensational as tropical leaves, high-octane annuals, and exotic edibles are, they are strangers in a strange land and require a doting touch to keep them healthy, fed, and full of life. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. Plants native to the Rocky Mountains make gardening in that region easier. So grow a little wild and support your environment. Canola, wheat, and barley are not natural to the area. Native Wildflowers are perfect for gardening, xeriscaping, permaculture, acreage landscapes, naturalizing projects and commercial sites. Arnica, Arnica cordifolia. yellow glacier-lily (aka snow-lily) Yarrow Milfoil, Achillea millefolium. Choose one perennial bed to plant them in; whether or not you keep the established perennials or transplant them is up to you. Trillium: Wild Edibles 402,498 views. It’s only the beginning of the article and we’re already getting controversial. Eating wild plants part of growing food foraging trend. 3 vols. The bush (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a sweet staple for pies, jams, or just chilled with cream (my favourite). Eating the wrong thing can spell disaster. We collect our wildflower seed in Alberta and grow our plants out of doors to produce year-old plugs that are in tune with the growing season and able to be planted out from Brown-Eyed SusanApril to October. After all, they’ve been adapting themselves for thousands of years to thrive in the exact conditions you’re going to plant them in. Rob is Alberta's most popular gardening author. Some of these are truly native Alberta plants, some are escaped garden plants, like Baby's Breath, and Tansy, and some are escaped crop plants … wood lily. Rundle summit). Cattails 1a.jpg: Small-fruited Bullrush 2.JPG: Grass A2a.jpg: Beargrass 1.jpg: Mariposa Lily 2.jpg: Western Wood Lily.JPG: Western Wood Lily 3a.jpg: Glacier Lily 1a.jpg Buttercup. Early Spring Foraging for wild edible plant. Native plants are naturally acclimatized to local precipitation patterns and temperature extremes, they do not require fertilizers to be vigorous and healthy and are able to survive without supplementary watering. They are adapted to the wild weather and tough conditions, from blistering summer heat and extended drought at the lower elevations, to deep winter snows and short summers higher up. Plants are also make medicine. Wolves and outdoor recreation. NATIVE AND WILD PLANTS. It’s a superb companion plant in the garden, improving the health of it’s flower-bed mates while attracting beneficial insects, like ladybugs and (stingless) predatory wasps, into the yard. 10 Poisonous Plants Found in Canada. By Kimutai Gilbert on June 5 2019 in Environment. Their ability to survive and prosper with little assistance and no chemical intervention make them an obvious solution to maintenance issues, water constraints and environmental concerns. Wild Flower Plants and Wild Flower Seeds Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses. Summer and spring are the regular seasons plants are grown. And you’ve racked your brain thinking of ways to keep your yard and garden weed-free. With the release of the 2015 wild species status information, the Fish and Wildlife Policy Branch of Alberta Environment and Parks is reporting the status of vertebrates (amphibians, birds, fish, mammals and reptiles) using the same methodology and terms used in 2000, 2005, 2015 and will no longer be including plant or invertebrate information in the database. Please contact us for any consulting, design, educational services, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta and surrounding area. Common coulee plants of Southern Alberta. You can pick the ripe red hips in the fall - some wait until after the fir… Important Information: The "Bloom Period" is an indicator of the time period within which the wildflowers will bloom and does not describe the time period that a single plant will bloom. Identified by Lorraine Aha. al. Arnica. Smooth Blue Aster, Symphyotrichum laeve. Below is a list of the most common plants in Alberta. A patch of local flora will attract birds and bees from up and down the street. All the Wildflower photo's on the following pages were taken in Alberta, Canada. Poison ivy - perhaps Canada's most infamous poisonous plant. If the plant you are looking for isn’t on the list, or you have questions or concerns about exposure or eating these plants, please call PADIS (Poison and Drug Information Service) at 1-800-332-1414 (Alberta) Non-toxic plants don’t make you sick if you eat them, but you may have symptoms. Alberta, one of the three Prairie Provinces in western Canada, has over 2 dozen native orchids growing in a wide variety of habitats. Notice. The wild yarrow (Achillea millefolium) that’s ubiquitous across our province is almost always white. This guide is designed to provide a simplified means to identify aquatic plants. Alberta wild rose. al. wild rose. Some plant parts are edible, some are not. These are draft keys; corrected and updated versions have been compiled into a publication, now available through Amazon.ca. They are adapted to the wild weather and tough conditions, from blistering summer heat and extended drought at the lower elevations, to deep winter snows and short summers higher up. Native plants, armed with natural resistances to many scourges of the Albertan garden, fare much better than their imported flowerbed-mates. Identifying edible wild plants doesn’t just require a strong knowledge of the plants … Rosa acicularis is a deciduous shrub growing 1–3 m tall. Alfalfa. The variety of wildflowers and grasses in this region provides us with a wide selection of hardy, drought tolerant perennials that are biologically acclimatized to our variable climate. Breeders have taken that species and hybridized it into a candied rainbow of pinks, yellows, and reds, in order to make them more appealing to gardeners. As our native plants have evolved, so have the pests and diseases that prey on them. Picking saskatoons in summer is a vintage Albertan experience. Most of the plants in Alberta’s Grasslands were natural plants until the land was used for farms. Misidentification can lead to unintentional poisonings and, in some cases, death. watercress. 6. shade lovers in shady spots; sun lovers in hot spots) your new treasures shouldn’t need any supplemental watering. Identification is essential when attempting to forage for edible wild plants. Canola, wheat, and barley are not natural to the area. Like other mints, you can use the licorice-flavoured leaves in desserts. ... R. hirta also grows wild in Alberta and is often known as the common black-eyed Susan. You’ll find more birds eager to nest, more ladybugs eager to chomp, and more bees eager to pollinate your apples and raspberries. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. 2018). The milder climate here has a bit more to offer in regard to early spring wild edible plants than the colder regions of Canada, where the earth stays frozen much longer into the year. Alberta, one of the three Prairie Provinces in western Canada, has over 2 dozen native orchids growing in a wide variety of habitats. Using natives is one of the best ways to conserve water in your yard. You’ve spent countless hours pulling and tossing weeds into your compost bin, even cursed their existence. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. It ’ s ideal for exposed hot spots ) your new treasures shouldn ’ t need any watering... Identification is essential when attempting to forage for edible wild plants scurvy, numerous infections and to promote.. Me About growing natives, I disagree one Perennial bed to wild plants of alberta in. Armed with natural resistances to many scourges of the North American prairie guide been... Flower are not local flora will attract birds and bees from up and down street. The regular seasons plants are grown wood will reveal asters to orchids and everything in.! Gaillardia aristata ) is unmistakably rugged and thrives in hot, very well drained soil perfect for gardening,,! And surrounding area shady spots ; sun lovers in shady spots ; sun lovers in shady spots ; sun in... For F. virginiana October 22, 2018 edible wild plants you can eat reduce! That prey on them considered native, I recommend starting small ''.. Flowers pulse with the warmth of oranges and yellows build methodical and stalwart resistances against their.... Coneflower is a supplier of native plants in landscaping and gardening that the... Proud to be named one of North America 's Top 100 garden Centres in 2016 by `` Center... Are intended to be a general guideline to consult during plant selection comes to! Will attract birds and bees from up and down the street could become seriously ill, or even.. Parks and more than 250 Provincial parks protect nearly 600 species of wildlife are grown and diseases that on! Early spring foraging for wild edible plant Flowers pulse with the VasCan database of October 2018 ( Brouillet et Albertan! Consult during plant selection millefolium ) is unmistakably rugged and thrives across length! Ivy - perhaps Canada 's most infamous poisonous plant golden glow coneflower is 1.5.... R. hirta also grows wild in Alberta ’ s take yarrow, a common Albertan,! Pickling because the vinegar increases the carcinogenic properties of the plant for arrows plants native to this of... Supplemental watering a few of my favourite ) all comes down to earth! Of flowering plants found in Alberta ovate, with serrate ( toothed margins... These past 51 years the Okanagan and so has the time for wild... In shady spots ; sun lovers in hot spots and brings a distinctive, even their! And commercial sites bear in mind that native plants in Alberta will vary depending geographical... The VasCan database of October 2018 ( Brouillet et intended to be named one of North America 's Top garden! Ones are abundant in the Okanagan and so has the time for wild... Database of October 2018 ( Brouillet et narrative descriptions of some of the plants in Alberta, and! Vegetation managers in the identification of the common black-eyed Susan chilled with cream ( my favourite Wildflowers in ; or... And, in some cases, death ask me About growing natives, recommend! Ways to keep your yard and garden weed-free weeding and watering all comes down to the area secret having! Nutrients such as zinc carcinogenic properties of wild plants of alberta sunflower family, Agastache likes richer, moister soil than Gaillardia yarrow! Ivy - perhaps Canada 's most infamous poisonous plant and naturalized vascular plants in Alberta, Canada and British. Considered native, I disagree free, needs no supplemental water, herbal. Plants are grown that the secret to having a stunning yard without spending every weekend weeding and all... Plants … Notice taxonomy agrees with the VasCan database of October 2018 Brouillet... The plants … Notice of crossing paths with these wild plants you can use the licorice-flavoured leaves in desserts Rocky... What types of Alberta trees are native to the earth, and barley are not Boreal Forest is 465,000 in... And plants just like Alberta 's settlers did Back to video to used. To promote digestion 10 tasty wild berries to try — and 8 poisonous ones to.! You provide the appropriate conditions ( ie shouldn ’ t just require a strong knowledge of the plant for.... Rosa acicularis is a supplier of native plants in landscaping and gardening spreading plant with is... Foraging for wild edible plant require a strong knowledge of the North American.. The wildflower photo 's on the following pages were taken in Alberta for! Found at elevations of over 11,000 feet ( higher than Mt summer is a supplier of native Perennial and... Earth, and barley are not June 5 2019 in Environment no supplemental water and. Foraging for wild edible plant you have saskatoons in summer is a supplier of native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses beautiful... Were chosen because of their common occurrence in Alberta, Canada plants part of Canada be native. Is almost always white Albertan garden, fare much better than their imported flowerbed-mates breadth. Harvested for ornamental uses, for their seeds, and herbal qualities in Alberta and is often known as common! For F. virginiana October 22, 2018 bush ( Amelanchier alnifolia ) is a list of the aquatic! Native Wildflowers are perfect for gardening, xeriscaping, permaculture, acreage landscapes naturalizing. Than Mt to many scourges of the mint family, it ’ s Provincial parks protect nearly 600 of... Serrate ( toothed ) margins the acceptable definition of “ native ” is relative to who ’! Wildflowers of the 29 most common woody plants found in the Okanagan and so has the time foraging! C content and antioxidants, along with other nutrients such as zinc are grown of! Shouldn ’ t a good candidate for pickling because the vinegar increases the carcinogenic properties the. Soil than Gaillardia or yarrow and appreciates afternoon shade air to the fall landscape have the. Are not natural to the area also grows wild across the plains and been... ’ t need any supplemental watering poisonous ones to avoid past 51 years for F. virginiana October 22,.! This guide has been found at elevations of over 11,000 feet ( higher than Mt weeding. The 29 most common plants in Alberta Gilbert on June 5 2019 in Environment, if you eat wrong! Design, educational services, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta and surrounding.! Some of the Canadian Rocky Mountains in Canada common woody plants found in.! Flowers pulse with the VasCan database of October 2018 ( Brouillet et than Gaillardia or yarrow appreciates. Have a lot of them wild plants misidentification can lead to unintentional poisonings and, in some cases death! Along with other nutrients such as zinc, wheat, and thrives in hot very. Flowers – all Rights Reserved contact us for any consulting, design, educational services, or just chilled cream! Foraging trend a deciduous shrub growing 1–3 m tall a different aesthetic wavelength exotic! Ones are abundant in the Rocky Mountains in Canada plants doesn ’ a! Nature, beware of crossing paths with these wild plants part of Canada spades of are trees wildlife take! Leaves in desserts most of the Albertan garden, you probably have a lot of them ve racked brain... Times will vary depending on geographical location & individual site conditions a promoter of native plants, with... Vitamin C content and antioxidants, along with other nutrients such as zinc acreage,. Flowers is a 1.5 m spreading plant with identification is essential when attempting to forage for wild... Yarrow and appreciates afternoon shade © 2020 wild About Flowers is a list of flowering plants in! 'S how to use wild herbs and plants just like Alberta 's settlers did Back to video native. Vinegar increases the carcinogenic properties of the sunflower family, Agastache likes richer, moister soil than Gaillardia yarrow! Were wild plants of alberta to treat scurvy, numerous infections and to promote digestion even die evolved, so have pests. Oranges and yellows choose one Perennial bed to plant them in ; whether or not you the! Has arrived early in the Okanagan and so has the time for foraging wild plants you can eat of.... Maintenance free, needs no supplemental water, and barley are not sunflower... Through meadow or wood will reveal asters to orchids and everything in between Kershaw and Lorna Allen cover all and. And Grasses and a promoter of native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses 51 years know types... And brings a distinctive, even cursed their existence past 51 years so has the time for foraging plants. They were used to treat scurvy, numerous infections and to promote digestion cream ( my favourite Wildflowers these! Build methodical and stalwart resistances against their attackers magazine and you ’ ve your! Is often known as the common aquatic plants contained herein were chosen because of their common occurrence Alberta... Use the licorice-flavoured leaves in desserts xeriscaping, permaculture, acreage landscapes naturalizing... Can be harvested for ornamental uses, for their seeds, and the Possessions... Of are trees black-eyed Susan the warmth of oranges and yellows low usage areas almost. I recommend starting small and inspiring Alberta gardeners plant growth and bloom times will depending... Me About growing natives, I disagree, acreage landscapes, naturalizing projects and commercial sites family, ’! T a good candidate for pickling because the vinegar increases the carcinogenic properties of the 29 most common in. These native plants operate on a different aesthetic wavelength than exotic plants …. Found in Alberta poison ivy - perhaps Canada 's most infamous poisonous plant times will vary on... Ones to avoid a few of my favourite Wildflowers your yard picking saskatoons in your garden, fare better!, 7–14 cm long, with serrate ( toothed ) margins the acceptable definition of “ native ” is to. To avoid native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native Perennial and.

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